“The spread out patterns of growth, which have shaped American communities for the past several decades, cannot be sustained. Lengthy commutes, overextended public facilities and increased infrastructure costs, loss of farmlands, open space, and other valued community resources, and reduced physical activity and community health are typically associated with such patterns. Instead, an increased emphasis on developing passed-over parcels within developed areas and on maximizing use of existing public facilities is needed.” (Municipal Research and Services Center)
“Our results suggest that the dense, gridded, street network with more urban street features is associated with much more walking and biking. Providing such a range of travel options in the transportation system increases efficiency, enhances flexibility, promotes equity, and is a better overall use of limited resources.” (“The Effect of Street Network Design on Walking and Biking,” Wesley E. Marshall, Ph.D., P.E. and Norman W. Garrick, Ph.D., submitted to: The 89th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board January 2010, Washington D.C.)
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